Khujand, is an ancient city. he city’s history dates back to ancient times. In the opinion of historians legendary city of Alexander-Eskhata (Alexandria Extreme) was constructed by Alexander the Great on the place of the present Khujand (the 5th century BC). Syr Darya runs through it, formerly known as Jaxartes)
It was part of the “land of a thousand cities” in ancient times.
The city was known as one of the most difficult cities for the Arabs to claim as they swept into Khujand. First attack was pushed back. The second attack ended with a truce. In 713 the town supposedly rebelled, and in 722 the Arabs captured the city.
Khujand prospered under the Samanids, with the pick up of trade along the silk road, and being in the advantageous position of being the big city at the beginning of the Ferghana valley. It was during this time that Sheikh Muslihiddin lived. He was a poet who ruled the city for a time, and his Mausoleum is today one of the biggest drawing points in the city.
It again resisted the attack of new invaders, this time from the north, as Chingus Khan invaded the region in 1220 (AD).
Timurlane made it his main city for a brief period, and after his death it became the most fought over city in his empire.
When it was captured by the Russians in 1866 it was a large and prosperous city, that the Russians rightfully claimed as one of the major cities in Central Asia. Under the Russians the city began to grow and soon it became The Russian district and the Old district.
Though it had a large Tajik population it was originally part of the Uzbek SSR, but with the creation of the Tajik SSR Khujand and its surrounding area was added to what is now Tajikistan.
Khujand is known for producing an amazing amount of scholarship in Astronomy and Mathematics. The inventor of the sextant lived here.
At one point there was “the family of Khujandians” who were renowned scientists, poets, and artists in the late 14th early 15th century.
Today Khujand is noticeably one of the richer parts of its country, and filled with nice people.
If you find some of the more cultural people in town, they will be sure to tell you that their city was once, and still is “the city of poets”
Information for this blog was taken mostly from these sources